We couldn’t find actual air pollution in Zimbabwe pictures, but we found some interesting facts that paint a picture of their own. Air quality is suffering because of the westernization that’s happening in this developing nation. Clean air may be a rarity that we need to see return. Everyone needs and deserves fresh air for a healthy life and a good quality of life. Air pollution comes from increased traffic, sulfur dioxide, wood and plant burning, and even land fills. The Zimbabwe government is starting to take action to clean the air and pollution sources, so hopefully the problem will abate soon.
The south African nation of Zimbabwe has in recent years enjoyed rapid development, and the air pollution consequences that accompany economic growth. Increases in vehicle numbers, manufacturing, and energy production are linked to sharp rises in air pollution, and poor-quality fuels exacerbate the problem. You get a sense of what air pollution in Zimbabwe pictures would show you.
Zimbabwe saw its vehicle population more than double between 1994 and 1999. Zimbabwe still uses leaded gasoline which contains 0.6 to 0.8 mg of lead per liter, causing commensurate rises in airborne lead concentrations and lead blood levels in urban populations.
Wood-burning accounts for 48 percent of Zimbabwe’s energy production. More than six million tons of wood are consumed annually to supply energy for mostly rural and some urban low-income households. Thermal power stations and industrial facilities also burn large quantities of coal. Mining, smelting, rubber manufacturing, chemical and petroleum refining, cement and fertilizer production, and pulp and paper milling are growing industries in Zimbabwe and major sources of many air pollutants.
As a result, air pollution levels of sulfur dioxide exceed World Health Organization guidelines by 2.25 times in Harare, Zimbabwe’s chief city, and are rising throughout the country. Sulfur dioxide produces acid rain, threatening crop production; road and building infrastructure; oxygen-producing forests; aquatic life; and human respiratory systems. Lead, mercury, and other heavy metals contaminate the air. Methane and volatile organic compounds arise from fuel production, distribution, and use.
Waste management, particularly dump burning of tires and other petroleum-laden wastes, is another source of air pollution in Zimbabwe. Manure management and fermentation to produce fertilizers contribute to methane air pollution. Poorly managed hospital and industrial incineration add to the problem.
A high percentage of Zimbabwe households burn biomass and coal for cooking and heating, as in most underdeveloped nations. Indoor air pollution in the form of fine particulate matter is one of the leading causes of respiratory disease and mortality, particularly among home-bound women and children.
Government efforts to control Zimbabwe air pollution are barely getting under way. Zimbabwe currently has three laws addressing pollution, but they do not set quantified standards for emissions. The Minister of Health and Child Welfare is empowered to decide whether a facility is polluting or not. Vehicles are not required to be fitted with emission control equipment. Air pollution monitoring is random and sporadic; only 8 monitoring stations exist in Harare.
The Ministry of Environment and Tourism has drafted an Environmental Bill which will take over some of these functions but it has not yet been passed into law. The government of Zimbabwe is in the process of enacting an environmental management law that will address environmental pollution of all types. The National Air Quality Standards have been drafted and will be implemented soon.
Zimbabwe is a poor nation, desperately struggling towards economic sufficiency for its growing population. Air pollution control may seem like an unaffordable constraint on survival strategies. But clean air is vital not only to improve the lives of Zimbabweans, but just to maintain the nation’s aquatic, agricultural, and other natural resources. Air pollution in Zimbabwe is a problem, and pictures would show that well.